Lyme Disease; 9 Main Headings To Know

lyme disease

Lyme Disease

In this page:

  • Description
  • Symptoms
  • Diagnosis
  • Causes
  • Risk Factors
  • Complication
  • Treatment
  • Protection and Prevention
  • Where to Check to Ticks



Tick bites or burgdorferi cause Lyme disease. The disease is most commonly found in people whose work is mostly in the wild or when they move their livestock into the wild. Most people don’t remember cutting by a tick. Lyme disease can go away without treatment, but sometimes it can pose a threat to human health, which can give pain the nerves of the heart and the joints.

Lyme symptoms usually appear days or weeks after infection. The tick bite is about the size of a bull’s eye, which is round in shape and red.



Below are the symptoms of Lyme disease.

Early Localized Lyme;

The initial local stage includes the following symptoms:
1- Skin rash but sometimes on a circular area around the tick bite.
2- Fever, cold, or flu-like illness.
3- Pain in the throat and joints.
4- Excessive tiredness or lack of energy.
5- Swollen lymph nodes
6- Headache or neck stiffness.
7- A small bump or redness on the tick bite.

Early Disseminated Lyme;

If you have a Lyme infection and are not treated on time, the infection can spread throughout your body. It is causing you to experience different symptoms.

Which includes
1- Pain or numbness in the arms and legs.
2- Severe pain in the joints.
3- Too much fatigue.
4- Headache and loss of energy.
5- Facial paralysis.
6- Dizziness or fainting.

Late disseminated Lyme disease;

Late-spread Lyme Disease occurs when untreated or antibiotics have not been used technically. Then its symptoms reappear in weeks, months, or years. And this is the first sign of illness in some people.

These symptoms include
1- Not paying attention properly.
2- Sleep and vision problems.
3- Losing memory.
4- The feeling of uncontrollable heartbeat
5- Anxiety, pain, and confusion.
6- Swelling of eyes

Remember that you must see a doctor if you know you have Lyme disease.

infection of lyme disease



It can be difficult for a doctor to diagnose Lyme disease because the symptoms of Lyme disease are similar to those of other diseases. The unique symptom of Lyme disease (migrants of erythema, or “bull’s eye,” rash) that is widely recognized for Lyme disease.




A small black tick bite causes Lyme disease. This black tick is found in most forests. Tick bites transmit a bacterium to the human body. And these germs cannot spread from one human to another.
Three dominant bacteria can cause Lyme disease. Of which Borrelia burgdorferi is found in the United States. The remaining two are found in Europe and Asia.

causes of lyme disease


Risk Factors;

The highest risk of Lyme disease is between April and September. During this time the weather is hot, so black ticks are also active.
The higher risk of the disease is for people living in the northeast or Midwest regions of the United States because tick bites are more prevalent there.
The highest risk of tick bites is those associated with the following activities.

1-Having pets.
2-Being a hunter.
3-Living in the countryside.
4-Spending time in the jungle
5-Outer occupation.



If you have Lyme disease and are not treated at the right time, it can cause problems for your body organs. For example

1-Heart problem
2-Joint pain
3-Nervous Problems
4-Educational defects, such as damaged memory.

These symptoms can manifest within weeks or months.



Lyme disease is treated with antibiotics. Usually, the treatment is quicker, and the person will recover sooner. Then he doesn’t have to worry.

Lyme medications are included.

Doxy Cycline: Used for adults or children under the age of 8.
Amoxicillin or cefuroxime: This medication is mainly used for adults, young children, pregnant, or breastfeeding women.

Lyme disease antibiotics are usually 14 to 21 days long, but sometimes a 10 to 14 days course is equally valid.

Protection and Prevention;

Black ticks lived mostly in forests, tall grasses. Whenever you go near it, it clings to your body and its bite can cause you to have Lyme disease.
With some precautions, you can significantly reduce the risk of Lyme disease, which are as follows:

1 – Wear long pants and long sleeves before moving to a forest or grassy area.

2 – Use 10 or 20 percent DEET on your skin or clothing, or you can use lemon water if you do not want to use DEET. If you want to use it for children, keep your mouth, hands, and eyes protected.
One thing to keep in mind is that it can be poisonous, so follow the instructions carefully.

3 – Lyme disease may reoccur you. Therefore, you must check your children, pets, and your own.

4 – Hold the tick from the mouth or head with a tweak and pull it carefully. And throw it in running water or in alcohol and waste it. And apply antipsychotic to the tick bite or contact a doctor.

5 – Shower within two hours after coming out.


Where to Check to Ticks;

lyme disease




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