The number of patients treated with chemotherapy is constantly increasing. This increase is due to more frequent use of chemotherapy. In addition to other treatments or alone. But the side effects are always alarming. How better to understand them and better support them?
- What is chemotherapy?
- Chemotherapy in practice
- How to better withstand side effects?
- Auriculotherapy: nailing the side effects
- The manufacture of chemotherapy
What is chemotherapy?
The word “chemotherapy” is always scary, and not just because it rhymes with cancer. Often patients with cancer fear because of the side effects of this treatment, often essential, but difficult to live: hair loss, nausea, pain, fatigue … The cancer services are aware of these difficulties, and integrate it into their care.
It is a drug treatment that attacks cancer cells.
One of the mechanisms of cancerization is related to growth factors. When these factors are set to cells on recipients, they become extraordinary. They activate their multiplication. The cells divide in an anarchic way without any self-regulation, which is what forms a tumor mass. When we give chemotherapy drugs. Once in the body, they come to settle on these receptors and take the place of growth factors. As a result, the cancer cell, deprived of its stimulator, eventually dies and the tumor regresses.
Chemistry is often set after surgery (but even before reducing the tumor size and increasing the chances of success). One can also do chemotherapy when the diseased cells have migrated to other parts of the body. This is called metastasis(cancer). To stop their proliferation, we inject a cocktail of chemicals that spread throughout the body.
The disadvantage is that by destroying the cancer cells. The chemotherapy also attacks the healthy cells. Which causes the fall of white blood cells, responsible for defending the body against infections. The immune system has reached. This is where symptoms such as hair and hair loss, vomiting, digestive pain, sleep disturbances can occur. Fortunately, we do not necessarily have all the undesirable effects …
The goal of oncologists is precisely to develop active treatments. Specific to cancer cells, it would reduce their toxicity on healthy cells of the body.
Chemotherapy in practice
The frequency of administration of chemotherapy depends on the protocol of care chosen by the doctors. Some patients have chemo.. every day, others every week, every fortnight or more.
Chemotherapy has a major drawback. If it destroys cancer cells. It also attacks healthy cells. Consequence: the white blood cells for example, responsible for defending the body against infections, will fall. The immune system has reached this way.
Other consequences of the destruction of healthy cells: symptoms such as hair loss and hair, vomiting, digestive pain, sleep disorders. The goal of oncologists is precisely to develop active treatments on cancer cells only and thus reduce their toxicity on healthy cells in the body. Its called targeted therapy.
How to better withstand side effects?
The side effects of chemo are inevitable, but therapeutic and support has been developed to help patients improve.
Auriculotherapy: nailing the side effects
Auriculotherapy is a type of octular acupuncture that uses ninety nails installed on specific points to cure cancer side effects.
The manufacture of chemotherapy
Pharmacists play a key role in the chemo… manufacturing chain. All prescriptions prescribed by the oncologist go into their hands for a final check: “We perform a pharmaceutical review of the prescription to verify that the protocol prescribed. The doses and the nature of the protocol are consistent with the patient’s treatment plan.
Each chemotherapy is unique and unique to each patient. And each of them can contain one or more molecules stored in bins. Chemotherapy vials are stored at temperature room.
Pouches, flasks, medicines. The Preparers gather all the elements necessary for the manufacture of chemotherapy before placing them in a device that will sterilize them. Elaborating a chemotherapy requires certain precautions.
Skin irritations, headaches, asthma or even long-term cancer. What are some of the risks that may be due to the handling of those toxic products. To avoid these risks, chemical therapy is manufactured in a limited space. Two people attend this preparation: a person who prepares chemo …. and one other person is in accordance with the elements used for alchemy therapy.
It takes an average of one hour to make chemo. Once ready, the bags are sealed and received by the storekeeper. Then join the day hospital in bags in less than five minutes where they will be administered to patients.